All posts by Andrew Linnell

Our Debts and Our Debtors

I have long wondered about the phrase from Matthew 6:12, the Lord’s Prayer, “forgive us our debts as we forgive our debtors.” It does not say “forgive me my debts as I forgive my debtors.” What could be meant by the collective “our debts”? Who are “our debtors” as distinguished from “my debtors?” Could there be a “cosmic” explanation?

Let’s explore this cosmic possibility. When Rudolf Steiner discussed the previous planetary condition that esotericists call Old Moon, he mentions that the beings who are now Angels were then at the human stage. Roughly mid way through Old Moon’s times, evolution continued but devolution took precedence. This is similar to how during one’s life the forces of youth give way to the forces of old age when we reach the downhill part of our lives. At this point of cosmic devolution, higher beings of the heavenly hierarchy who have completed their mission are able to progress to the next level of the hierarchy and, at the same time, those beings who will be human at the next planetary condition begin to weave into life. During Old Moon, those next humans were us! And Steiner mentions that during this descending times on Old Moon, we were ‘troublesome’ for the angels.Seven spheres trimmed

What was the outcome of this trouble that we gave to those who are now angels? They became our guardian angels! As our individual angel, they will stay with us, for better or worse, to rise or fall with us. They truly are our guardian who guides us from death to rebirth through the vast spheres of the spiritual world. They are known as the Sons of Twilight. Through their senses they observe the lightness and the darkness, the colors, of our thinking.

In Steiner’s book Knowledge of Higher Worlds, we are introduced to a being one meets when they attempt to enter the spiritual world. The Guardian of the Threshold protects us from entering this world unprepared for the experience. For being unprepared will likely make the experience “shattering” thereby negatively affecting one’s ability to carry on with daily life in a healthy way. This Guardian first meets us on our side of the abyss of existence; that is, on the side where our everyday consciousness can extend up to where the twilight of the abyss exists. I have come to the conclusion that the Guardian of the Threshold begins as our guardian angel when we begin our meditative activity. As one progresses in becoming aware of the spiritual world, the Guardian of the Threshold’s guidance continues.

Eventually, as Steiner describes, when one is near the point where one’s ability to fully and healthfully participate in the spiritual world, then one finds that the Guardian has become the Christ. This incorporation of Christ within our guardian angel is significant not only for us but also for our angel and for the work of Christ.

“Our debt” began on Old Moon. By taking up meditation seriously and effectively now, we pay back this debt. Our guardian angel is united with us. Whether we, in freedom, choose to unite with Christ or take another path, our angel will go with us – for better or worse. Through meditation in harmony with the Guardian of the Threshold, we unite our angel’s destiny as well as our own destiny with Christ. In doing so, we can pay off “our debt”.

But what about “our debtors”? The Earth planetary condition is now well into devolution and so those beings who will be at the human stage in the next planetary conditions, Jupiter, are now, invisibly, among us. As we were troublesome to today’s angels when they were at the human stage on Old Moon, so will the Jupiter-humans be troublesome to us. They become “our debtors” and we will need to forgive them. Because they are thrust up from below, they pass through the realm of Ahriman and take on his character. Such Ahrimanic beings are definitely among us, challenging us to become strong in spirit. Our debtors will inherit a human stage for their development; a stage we help to build with the love we learn from the Christ. Thus, “Forgive us our debts as we forgive our debtors” has not only personal significance but also cosmic.

Cosmic Caduceus

The Cosmic Caduceus was erected on Golgotha. There with Christ Jesus in the middle were two others representing the white and the black Crucifixion Peter Gertner Walters Art Museumsnake. The serpent represents intelligence, one of above and one of below. These two tempters are the Light Bearer, Lucifer, the white snake, and the Prince of Darkness, known to Zarathustra as Ahriman and in some Christian writings as Satan, the black snake. Later Christian writers lost this notion of dual tempters and combined them into one and called it Satan. Today we see this on the sign on ambulances – a single snake only – showing how medicine has become materialistic and lost the necessary balance for humanity. Hermes (Greek, Mercury-Roman) is the archangel of healing and carries the Caduceus meaning that Hermes knows how to balance these two and in the balance one becomes healthy. Golgotha was for not only the healing of Humanity but also for the healing of the Earth. Note that Lucifer was redeemed by Christ on Golgotha but Ahriman was not for Lucifer, who continues his work, is redeemable by each human but we still must face Ahriman who challenges our free spiritual development so that it will be strong for the future. The times we live in now are the times foretold by the story of Prometheus, and Briar Rose (Sleeping Beauty). We have pricked our finger on technology (the spinning wheel) and our soul has fallen asleep. Will we awake?

The Holy Trinity – The Logos – The Elohim – Christ – and Jesus (phew!)

It was a great debate in Early Christianity: is the Father of the Old Testament the same as the Father Christ referred to? For many the God who says and eye for an eye is different from one who says love thy enemy, turn your cheek. Eventually, a majority vote decided that these were the same Father. But this does not settle Truth. Most Christians continued to have a different perspective until the Roman army was used to get them to agree.

The matter becomes much more deep when we look at the work of the School of Athens under Dionysius the Areopagite (which Justinian had shut down). Here we find a Heavenly Hierarchy defined where the Elohim are equated with the Exusiai. The Christ is from this hierarchy but he carries within himself, united, the Logos who is the Son in the Holy Trinity. That is why John’s Gospel says In the Beginning was the Logos and the Logos was with the God. A God was the Logos. This same one (a god, an elohim) was with the God in the beginning. The Greek adjective ton should appear whenever the definite article ‘The’ is meant.

Now all this grows profoundly in depth when we consider the Rosicrucian interpretation of Genesis. “Let us create Mankind in our image.” One (of the 7) Elohim creates Eve as an asexual human. She is fertilized from the spirit – from knowing. Another Elohim, Yahveh, creates Adam (both are Adam in that they are Mankind). From Eve without Adam comes Cain. From Eve with Adam comes Abel. Then Eve liberates herself through Lucifer from Yahveh by eating from the Tree of Knowledge. And by getting Adam to also eat from it, the process of sexuality begins – humanity moves from being asexual to being a sexual duality and this process continues through Cain and Abel until Seth is born. Seth represents the first humans who are the result of sexual relations, of the woman being fertilized by a man as he is the first whose likeness is that of his parents. Heredity begins as does reincarnation.

It is important to study why Freemasons look back to Cain as their founder. Abel tended sheep while Cain tilled the soil. Profound. Look at the difference in the verbs to tend and to till. Cain sought to spiritualize the earth. Abel accepted the abundance given by God. Abel, during the time before the duality of sexes was established, represents feminine wisdom. Cain represents masculine wisdom. For Freemasons, in doing their work, they had to be kept free of feminine wisdom. With the advent of the 20th Century, this came to an end.

Dionysius the Areopagite listed the Heavenly Hierarchy as follows:

Holy Trinity: Father – Son (Logos) – Holy Spirit

  1. Seraphim
  2. Cherubim
  3. Thrones
  4. Kyriotetes
  5. Dynamis
  6. Exusiai / Elohim
  7. Archai
  8. Archangeloi
  9. Angeloi
  10. Mankind to become this hierarchy

Much earlier in evolution, the being known as the Christ, through his development, became united with the Logos. When evolution was working on Mankind, Christ was at the level of an Elohim. Jesus from Matthew’s Gospel and Jesus from Luke’s Gospel are from the tenth. They make an incredible sacrifice to merge when the Luke-Jesus is 12 in the Holy of the Holies in the Temple in Jerusalem. This boy is now Jesus of Nazareth who will again make a sacrifice to offer his sheaths to the Elohim known as the Christ at baptism.

Although many Gnostics thought this was an example of an avatar incorporation, for early Christians this was a God becoming Man – penetrating all the way into the body so that even the physical body could be resurrected for all humans. Note that the physical body and its mineral/ash are not the same thing. At Easter, the stone was removed.

Who is Working Now?

John 5 is about a healing of a man by the Pool of Bethesda. Many of those afflicted awaited there for an angel to stir the waters believing the tradition that at that moment someone could be healed of their affliction. One man had been there 38 years hoping to be healed. Jesus approaches him and asks him if he has the will to be healed. The man replied that he does but he does not have someone who could carry him quickly down to the waters in time to be the first to catch the stirring and thus be healed. Jesus says to him, Arise, take up your mat and walk! Moments later, those adhering to Hebraic laws concerning the Sabbath, told this man that he was breaking the law that bans work by carrying his mat. Later Jesus “finds” this man “in the temple” and says to him, “Behold (Ide), you have become well. Sin no more lest something worse be generated in you.”  This man then tells the Jews that it was Jesus who healed him. So now the Jews confront Jesus about performing work, a healing, on the Sabbath. Jesus answers them by saying My Father once was working, now I am working [John 5:17]. The rest of chapter 5 is remarkably deep and a topic for another time. But what can we make of this passage?

Taking this in reverse order let us first focus on 5:17. Various translations include [NASB] “My Father is working until now, and I myself am working.” [KJV] “My Father worketh hitherto, and I work”, or [ASV] “My Father worketh even until now, and I work”.  The Greek says “working until now” using the word “arti” to mean that the Father’s work is being or has been suspended, and now Christ is becoming or is the one at work. A turning point in time was occurring then.

The healed man is not betraying Christ-Jesus by revealing who it was who healed him. We find this word “ide” translated as “behold”. In a prior blog concerning the mysteries revealed in John 20 (at the tomb) we found three Greek words that are often translated to merely “see”. But “ide” implies a seeing that is higher than that through the senses. “In the temple” can mean literally in the temple rebuilt by Herod or it could mean in a holy place within the body (soma) or both! It is here that Jesus finds him. The healing the man just went through changed him deeply, not just his lameness. Now he could truly inhabit his body and thus Jesus could find him there within.

Lastly we come to the 38 years this man has been waiting. The passage does not say he waited a long time; rather it is explicit how long. What else takes 38 years? The Hebrew calendar was based on the 235 full moons it took for the sun, earth, and moon come back into the same relative position, or every 19 years. Two such cycles this man had waited. Jesus had asked him what might seem to be an obvious question, “Do you have the will to get well?” The lame man, one would think, would be irritated when Jesus then says: “Take up your mat and walk.” That is exactly what he cannot do. But, deeply, he has understood what Christ-Jesus meant: through Him comes the power of inner adaptability, a soul-force that overcomes one’s adversity, a lame body. We can no longer allow ourselves to be carried by our fellow human beings – we must carry our own cross. Moreover, we must become those who are able to carry others. By developing our soul-forces, we become the masters of our environment (in a broad sense of the word environment).

Mithraism and the Cosmic Christ

When religions of old pointed to the God found in the sun, they were speaking about the Logos through whom all things became. Different names were given to this being. One religion that immediately preceded Christianity tried to prepare the way for the coming of this God, namely Mithraism. Once Christianity was established, it lost this connection to the cosmic Christ in favor of the earthly Christ. But the mosaic shown here, from St. Peter’s Basilica, shows the cosmic Christ as the charioteer of the Sun.

The approach of this God was experience in the ancient mysteries. Preparation meant overcoming one’s “Bull”. These ancient priests had an incredible knowledge of the stars and a sophisticated knowledge of the fixed and moving stars. They knew that if one followed all the majestic forces that flow from these sources and from the earth as well, one can grasp not the human but the bull. Only with the additional forces of the sun, could they grasp the meaning of the true human being. Meaning, of course, comes from the Logos.

To overcome one’s bull, involved inner strength to overcome the body’s influence on one’s soul (and lower self). Associated with this bull, we see in this sculpture three creatures. What do these represent? MithrasRemember that Christ was crucified with two others through whom individually both Lucifer and Ahriman spoke. Lucifer, in ancient art, has typically been depicted as the serpent while Ahriman is the hound. But who is represented by the scorpion? This completes the unholy trinity and its name is confusing as some traditions revere those spiritual beings with this name: Asuras. What is meant is those beings who are of the Archai level but have not met their own progress in past planetary conditions and thus act as a hindrance in our Earthly planetary condition. As weights are a hindrance to lifting objects, they strengthen us in our spiritual forces.

So Mithraism intended to make straight the way to the Cosmic Christ. Arius brought this cosmic Christ perspective. But by the 4th Century, Western Christianity had focused entirely on the earthly Christ and rejected the way of using the ancient mysteries to understand the Mystery of Golgotha.

Fear of Spiritual Death

As the Ancient Mysteries were fading, especially from the 4th century BC until the 1st century AD, the priests were very aware of a decline in their mysteries. No longer could their initiates reach back to the times when mankind and their gods interacted. No longer could their rituals invoke their folk spirits to descend and participate and guide. Traditions and knowledge passed down alone kept the people and their mystery center together. The priests feared what was to come. For them it appeared that without a renewal of their spiritual connection, all would be lost. Humanity would experience a spiritual death.

Christ entered and through the Mystery enacted on Golgotha, the new path, the new human became possible. Thus, Grunewalde depicts John the Baptist as saying at the cross “He must increase and I must decrease”.

This was what early Christianity was about.

Christ and Our Bloodline

In ancient times, one’s bloodline was critical to one’s fate. The profession of the father became the profession of the son(s). Of the twelve tribes of Israel, only from the Levites could a priest be selected. After Abraham came the line of kings and concept of royal blood. If we proceed far back we come to a time when, according to Rudolf Steiner, even the father’s memories were passed through the blood to the son. When the Bible says this person lived 700 years, it is referring to how long the memory lived on as a part of successive generations collection of memory.  This was supported and protected by those spiritual beings who do “the good”.

But the bloodline begins to fail from the 7th century BCE onwards. This was especially noticed in the Mystery Centers where the bloodline could no longer support the development towards initiation into priesthood for neophytes. At the Turning Point in Time, Christ said to his disciples “this (wine) is my blood” and then on Golgotha, when a spear was thrust into his side, out ran blood and water and entered the earth. With this the bloodline ended.

Christianity was for all of humanity, regardless of bloodline. All could become, inwardly, a priest. Although kings would continue to claim succession rights to their bloodline, history shows that the bloodline was indeed unfit for the position. Similarly, when popes were to be selected, at one point, family lineage (and wealth and power) played a destructive role.

Rudolf Steiner points out that a reversal occurred on Golgotha concerning the good and evil beings support of bloodline (this statement is a gross simplification – apologies). Afterwards, the good beings move to support the universality of the human being. Steiner also associates the ability of people to form memory with the Archai (above arch-angels who are above angels).

One might ask “what happens to the memory once carried by the blood?” The ancient mysteries of Egypt could, in their heights, trace back to Lemurian times while those of Greece could trace back to Atlantean. As this memory capability faded, so did their associated mystery. Until the Renaissance, people had remarkable memories. Epic stories, told once, were remembered! The so-called Fairy Tales were handed down until the Grimm brothers realized that our memories were failing and these tales needed to be written down before they were lost. Today, social media is replacing our memory of our lives storing pictures and other memorabilia. Students no longer need to learn the times tables with that memorization replaced by calculators. Where is this going?

A new memory is needed for new mysteries. This new memory, it seems to me, will be akin to what’s going on “in the cloud”, namely a seeing of memory, a seeing of the Akashic Record.

St. John’s Day

Our everyday ego, to which I say “I”, takes part in the whole outer world, in all that is perishable. But is there a part of me that is imperishable? There slumbers within me, a new man, a second ego.  In our age, people are unaware of this but they can become aware. This second ego is linked with the imperishable just as our first ego is bound up with the perishable. By means of a rebirth this second ego, namely our higher ego, beholds a spiritual world just as our first, or lower, ego perceives the physical world through the senses. This rebirth is initiation. It is the greatest event for any human soul. Once achieved, an initiate can look “from above” on the lower ego analogously to how man looks on objects of the physical world.

As the child is born of the mother, so the higher ego is born of man as the Son of Man. In the individual human being there can be a rebirth of the higher ego. Once this occurs, the higher ego irradiates all the circumstances of his life. He is a new man. That which existed previously is of no further importance. The higher ego grows and develops further.

Does this event of the rebirth of the higher ego have some connection with the event of Christ Jesus? “Just as a rebirth can occur for the individual in his development, so a rebirth for all humanity came about through Christ Jesus. That which is an inner event for the individual — a mystical-spiritual event, as it is called, something he can experience as the birth of his higher ego — corresponds to what occurred in the outer world, in history, for all mankind in the event of Palestine through Christ Jesus. The body of Jesus of Nazareth had unfolded like the bright sun on St. John’s Day in June. That had been foretold. Then the spirit was to be born out of the darkness, just as the sun steadily gains in strength and power up to St. John’s Day, and then begins to decline. That was what the Baptist had to proclaim. He had to continue to bear witness until — pointing to the sun’s ever-increasing splendor — he could say, He of Whom the old Prophets told, He Who in the spiritual realms has been called the Son of the Spiritual Realms, He has appeared. — Up to this point John the Baptist was active. But then — when the days become shorter and darkness begins to gain the upper hand — then the inner spiritual light is to shine as a result of right preparation, is to become ever brighter as the Christ shines in Jesus of Nazareth.

That is the way John the Baptist saw the approach of Jesus of Nazareth; and he felt the growth of Jesus of Nazareth as his own diminution and as the increase in the power of the sun. From now on I shall wane, he said, even as the sun wanes after St. John’s Day. But He will wax — He the spiritual sun — and shine out of the darkness. — Thus was the Christ heralded; and thus began the rebirth of the ego of mankind, upon which depends the rebirth of every individual higher human ego. ” — Rudolf Steiner, June 24, 1909

What is the Wilderness?

Throughout the New Testament are expressions using the word “wilderness”. Like most people during my Bible studies, I never thought that this word might have deeper meaning than that of place far from civilization where “wild” is the key.  As my own esoteric studies have progressed, I have realized that these expressions, like the rest of the esoteric New Testament, have a much deeper meaning than merely “uncivilized”. (The following are Revised Standard Version; thanks to www.biblehub.com for the concordance):

  • Matthew 3:3 For this is he who was spoken of by Isaiah the prophet, saying, “The voice of one crying in the wilderness, make ready the way of the Lord. Make his paths straight.”
  • Matthew 4:1 Then Jesus was led up by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil.
  • Matthew 11:7 As these went their way, Jesus began to say to the multitudes concerning John, “What did you go out into the wilderness to see? A reed shaken by the wind?
  • Matthew 15:33 And his disciples say unto him, Whence should we have so much bread in the wilderness, as to fill so great a multitude?
  • Mark 1:3 The voice of one crying in the wilderness,’Make ready the way of the Lord! Make his paths straight!'”
  • Mark 1:4 John came baptizing in the wilderness and preaching the baptism of repentance for forgiveness of sins.
  • Mark 1:12 Immediately the Spirit drove him into the wilderness.
  • Mark 1:13 He was there in the wilderness forty days tempted by Satan. He was with the wild animals; and the angels were serving him.
  • Mark 8:4 And his disciples answered him, From whence can a man satisfy these men with bread here in the wilderness?
  • Luke 3:2 in the high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, the word of God came to John, the son of Zacharias, in the wilderness.
  • Luke 3:4 As it is written in the book of the words of Isaiah the prophet, “The voice of one crying in the wilderness,’Make ready the way of the Lord. Make his paths straight.
  • Luke 4:1 Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan, and was led by the Spirit into the wilderness
  • Luke 5:16 And he withdrew himself into the wilderness, and prayed.
  • Matthew 3:1 In those days, John the Baptizer came, preaching in the wilderness of Judea, saying …
  • John 1:23 He said, “I am the voice of one crying in the wilderness, ‘Make straight the way of the Lord,’ as Isaiah the prophet said.”
  • John 3:14 As Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of Man be lifted up,
  • John 6:31 Our fathers ate the manna in the wilderness. As it is written,’He gave them bread out of heaven to eat.'”
  • John 6:49 Your fathers ate the manna in the wilderness, and they died.

These are just a few of many possible examples. If we approach these from an esoteric perspective that the human being is indeed comprised of body, soul, and spirit, then we can use “wilderness” not only figuratively but also literally to mean the physical body. For example, at the baptism, the Holy Spirit descended and remained upon Jesus of Nazareth. Thus, a new spirit entered Jesus’ body. A new spirit entered humanity. In becoming Man and then becoming the Son of Man, this spirit had to go from the “civilized” spiritual world into the physical world where bodily influences stream into the soul. Thus, immediately after the baptism, this holy spirit was driven into the body, the wilderness. Now in entering the “wilderness”, the body, Christ Jesus was exposed to human temptations.

Taking this further, we can deepen our understanding of manna from above as well as the meaning of bread. One of Jesus’ temptations was to turn stone into bread. What happens in the process from grain to bread? Seeds are not much different from little stones. What is the difference? Could you tell the difference if handed two objects that looked alike, one a real seed and one an imitation? Again, what is the difference? Life! Life becomes awakened through warmth and air and water, the three elements “above” the element earth. When we make bread, we crush the grain. It is then mixed with water and warmth and the leavening adds air. Bread represents the body that has been “crushed”, that is, worked upon by oneself.

In esoteric traditions, the human is described to have three interpenetrating bodies: a physical body, a life body, and an astral body (where our light shines, the seat of our soul). Note, only the physical body is comprised of minerals and obeys physical laws. Now, check out the occurrences of Three Loaves in a concordance such as here. Now we understand what was meant by “three loaves”!  Now we can begin to grasp one of the “I am” sayings, namely, (John 6:35 ) “Then Jesus declared, I am the bread of life.” And from this we have an insight into the Last Supper and the Mystery of Golgotha,

Lastly, “as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of Man be lifted up,” The Serpent is Lucifer, the light bearer. Moses accomplished something in the body. No longer were we to be driven by our passions, our emotions, our animalistic tendencies. What came through our senses could now be met with wisdom, wisdom raised up in the body. Now, what was done via wisdom is to be done via love. Spiritual Civilization will come to our three bodies if we will it.

Working with the Meditation from John’s Gospel

Last blog introduced John’s Prologue as a meditation. Now let’s go line-by-line deepening our esoteric understanding:

In the beginning was the LogosWhy “Logos”? Why not “Christ”? Why not “The Son”? We can conclude this gospel is primarily about the Logos, not any other person or god. But what is the “Logos”? What would be the understanding of “Logos” to contemporaries of this writer?

And the Logos was with God“With God, or can this be translated “within God”?

A God was the LogosSome translations will omit “A”. How might this change the intended theology? How many hierarchies in the heavens did theology of the time regard? Which levels might its beings be called “gods”? If not of the Holy Trinity, of what hierarchy might the Logos be?

This same one was, in the beginning, with GodWhy is this seemingly repeated? This gospel writer does not waste words, does not repeat, so what’s going on? Is the “one” referred to different? It says this “same one”.  Is this “same one” still with God?

Through Him became all thingsDoes this make the Logos the creator of “all things”? Note it does not say “all beings”. Are heavenly beings included in this creation? Are evil beings? How did contemporaries view matter? Read up on the Gnostic theology for one view of contemporaries. What was being purified in baptism, in the public baths before entering the temple?

Not one thing became without HimWhat does the writer mean by “became” or “to become”. Aristotle and Plato were considered the pinnacles of philosophy in those times – what did they have to say about “becoming”?

In Him is LifeLife as a “substance”? All of Life? What is Life? What is my Life? How might my memories be related? Is Christ in me in my Life? Where is my Life? What happens in a near-death-experience (NDE)? Where goes my life when I die? Where is my life before I am born? Does my life evolve?

Life is Humanity’s Light. Oh my! How are we to understand this!? Life is Light – really? Where is my light (this little light of mine)? When I conceive of a new idea, cartoonists show a light bulb turning on in my mind. Creative thinking has long been associated with an inner light. Typically our every-day thinking is a dead-thinking, not light, nor dark, but dead, like that “thinking” in a computer. A living-thinking glows and not only enlightens, it reveals other things. Do our senses only receive or do they, as Plato claimed, shine out to the object of our attention? If so, what kind of shining is this?

This light shines in each soul’s darknessSo there is both light and darkness in my soul? Compare this concept again to the Gnostics and other contemporaries. What does it mean to shine? Does it mean all-giving? What is darkness? All-receiving? What might light in the spirit be? How might it be different from light in the physical realm? What does the name Lucifer mean? (Light bearer). What being represents darkness in the spirit? Can the soul “see” the physical?  

And the soul’s darkness comprehends it notThat sounds as if the writer is saying I have two aspects to my soul; one, with light, and one with darkness and the one with darkness does not understand the one with light. What is this darkness? Is it a being within me? Is it me?

Lots of questions! Why am I not offering answers as well? The story of Sphinx of Thebes describes how unanswerable questions once drove people mad. The time was about the 8th century BCE. Oedipus, as representative of the new soul forces with intellectual capacities that would declare “I know!” were beginning to form. When Oedipus comes to the sphinx, she asks him a question. Because Oedipus is able to answer it, she must no longer torment him. We are now well passed the development of the Intellectual Soul so each one of you are able to answer these questions, especially through meditation.

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